Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty

No. 5752/1992

Passed on March 17, 1992, by the Twelfth Knesset.


Art 1

The basic human rights in Israel are based on the recognition of the value of the human being, the sanctity of his life, and his being a free person, and they shall be upheld in the spirit of the principles set forth in the Proclamation of the Establishment of the State of Israel.

Art. 1a

The purpose of this Basic Law is to protect human dignity and liberty, in order to stipulate the values of the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state, in a Basic Law.

Art. 2

One should not violate the life, body, or dignity of a human being as such.

Art. 3

The property of a human being shall not be violated. 

Art. 4

Every human being is entitled to protection of his life, body and dignity.

Art. 5

The liberty of a human being shall not be taken or restricted, by means of imprisonment, detention, extradition, or in any other manner.

Art. 6

a) Every person is free to exit Israel.

b) Every Israeli citizen who is abroad is entitled to enter Israel.

Art. 7

a) Every person has a right to privacy and to intimacy in his life.

b) There shall be no entry into the private premises of a person, without his permission.

c) No search shall be held on the private premises of a person, upon his body, in his body, or among his private effects. 

Art. 8

One is not to violate the rights accordance by this Basic Law save by means of a law that corresponds to the values of the State of Israel, which serves an appropriate purpose, and to an extent that does not exceed what is required , or on the basis of a law, as aforementioned, by force of an explicit authorization therein.

Art. 9

One is not to limit rights in accordance with this Basic Law, of those serving in the Israel Defense Forces, the Israel Police, the Prisons Service, and the other security organizations of the State, and these rights shall not be conditioned, save by law, and to an extent that does not exceed what is required with regards with the essence and nature of the service. 

Art. 10

This Basic Law shall not affect the validity of any law that existed before prior to the inception of the Basic Law.

Art. 11

Each and every government authority is obliged to respect the rights in accordance with this Basic Law. 

Art. 12

Emergency regulations do not have the power to change this Basic Law, to temporarily suspend it, or to lay down conditions to it. However, when a state of emergency exists in the State, by virtue of a declaration under article 9 of the law and Administration Ordinance 5708-1948, emergency regulations may be enacted on the basis of the said article, that will involve denial or limitation of rights under this Basic Law, provided that the denial or limitation shall be for a worthy purpose, and for a period and an extent that do not exceed the required.


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